How to take an Impressionist Photo
My favourite artistic period is the Impressionist movement. I adore Renoir and Monet, Pissarro and Cezanne.
I’ve experimented over the years with creating impressionist images in my photography. Impressionist photography is quite broad; some people simply blur images or take photographs of bokeh. I think it’s important to still anchor the viewer in the landscape, having an awareness of place, which means the picture isn’t just mistaken for camera shake.
How to Take an Impressionist Photo
Creating a natural brush stroke effect is done by either shooting long exposures of water, moving the camera or unfocussing the camera. I prefer to achieve this effect by long exposures and shooting through objects such as water or glass.
A long exposure of water is one of the best ways to create an impressionist effect, particularly when the water is moving very slowly. Although ponds may not look like they’re moving, they can give an entirely different impression when shot with a long exposure.
Although shot on a standard daytime exposure, the reflection of objects in moving water creates a painterly effect, such as this photograph of the Avignon river. By flipping the photograph upside down, the eye is tricked into believing that the trees have been painted.
Shooting through dirty or warped glass can also create an impressionist effect, like this photo from Carcassonne.
Apart from the use of impressionistic brush strokes, the Impressionists loved painting with beautiful light. View any of Monet’s haystack images in a darkened gallery and you’ll see the vibrance, the almost fluorescent aspects of the paintings.
Take this photograph from Montecatini Alto, where the late afternoon light created a haze over the valley. It reminded me of one of Cezanne’s paintings, the similar colours and structure in the landscape.
It’s also about the subject matter; while the following photograph doesn’t exhibit any of the brush strokes common to impressionist photography, the subject matter and colour palette do. It was taken in Northern Italy, a day after crossing the border into France.
The impressionist movement started in France, so obviously many of the locations and colours are typical to the southern part of France, Provence and Northern Italy. There are also many paintings of Venice, a popular spot with Monet, Renoir and Manet.
The Impressionists didn’t just paint landscapes either; people, still life and buildings were also common inspirations.
While the Impressionists painted all year round, their best landscape paintings capture the spring and summer seasons, with Cezanne’s arid greens and yellows and Monet’s pinks and greens of his own gardens. Flowers like poppies, sunflowers, water lilies, irises and tulips brought colour to their paintings.